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Easiest way to populate a drop-down list control with SharePoint custom list column values

There are numerous ways to populate a drop-down list control with SharePoint custom list column values. But for me the below seems to be the easiest one.

You should populate the drop-down list on a page load event as given in below code. You can copy the exact below code with few changes as what column values you want to populate and your drop-down list control ID/Name.

I have used here 
SPQuery since I want to order the column values alphabetically, starting from ascending to descending. You can omit the SPQuery statement and directly specify the column value in spList.GetItems() method.

Example: SPListItemCollection spListColl = spList.GetItems("Title"); // Title is the column name. You can mention any column name of your choice.

protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
   if (!IsPostBack)
      Guid spSiteGUID = SPContext.Current.Site.ID;
      Guid spWebGUID = SPContext.Current.Site.RootWeb.ID;

      //Use above statement if your site is at root site or else below one.  
      //Guid spWebGUID = SPContext.Current.Site.OpenWeb().ID; 

         using (SPSite elevatedSiteColl = new SPSite(spSiteGUID))
            using (SPWeb elevatedWeb = elevatedSiteColl.OpenWeb(spWebGUID))
               SPList spList = elevatedWeb.Lists["QD Offices"];
               SPQuery spQuery = new SPQuery();
               spQuery.Query = "<OrderBy><FieldRef Name='Country'/></OrderBy>";
               SPListItemCollection spListColl = spList.GetItems(spQuery);
               foreach (SPListItem spItem in spListColl)
                  string listItem = spItem["Title"].ToString();

Cheers !!


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A SharePoint Enthusiast working as a Project Lead for an IT Software & Consulting Company in Mumbai. I believe in giving back to the community through which I also learn and develop and eventually grow as an individual and professional. This blog is a small contribution to the community where I live in and may help someone who is seeking knowledge like me. Apart from being a SharePoint Enthusiasts, I am a husband, a father and a blogger. I love to travel and explore new landscapes and meet people of various culture. I am passionate about learning new technology trends in IT. I love spending time on my fitness and have a deep enthusiasm for urdu poetry and career counseling.

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